Tag Archives: Ike Quebec

…he moved to France, after which he was not heard from again.

The Soul Book Cover

‘…and they lived happily ever afterwards’ isn’t a conclusion to the Wikipedia entry for any of the great jazz musicians of the 50’s, 60’s and 70’s that I have ever seen. OK we are not visiting the land of fairy tales here anyway but you will probably be well aware of numerous stars who died at an early age, often in sad circumstances. In the case of Freddie Roach, it seems to be a case of moving from the USA to Europe and staying far away from the limelight. The few short biographies that I have seen tend to end along the lines of ‘…he moved to France, after which he was not heard from again.’ A little bit more digging discloses that he spent a few years in Paris and Bob Blumenthal’s notes written when taking ‘a new look at Ike Quebec’s Heavy Soul session for the RVG Edition records the year of his death as 1980. The notes to So Blue so Funky, a Blue Note Hammond organ compilation album released in 1991, even state that Freddie enjoyed a second career as a movie actor but I haven’t been able to trace anything about this yet.

It’s sad that his career is now thought of as little more than a footnote. I like the way Freddie plays the Hammond although many reviewers feel obliged to damn him with faint praise. I’m not quite alone in my appreciation. There is another, perhaps unexpected, fellow enthusiast in Freddie’s army. The oftentimes acerbic Leonard Feather described him as ‘…one of those rare organists whose taste and techniques are capable of keeping pace with one another’. Well done Leonard!

I first heard Freddie Roach playing a track entitled Brown Sugar (same title but different from the one recorded by the Rolling Stones) on So Blue, So Funky. Born into a musical family, Freddie started with tentative steps at the age of 8 when he started to play church organ. Although he gained a place at the Newark Conservatory of Music, he left after one term to play professionally, eventually jamming and playing solo at Newark’s Club 83, before being engaged by Ike Quebec to play on the two late 1961 sessions which resulted in Heavy Soul and It Might as Well be Spring. After that, he was signed by Blue Note and recorded five LP’s as leader before releasing a further three albums on Prestige.

Although we will return to the Blue Note sessions in due course, it is his first Prestige set The Soul Book that I’m starting with. This album came my way almost by default. I had successfully bid on ebay for his better known Blue Note recordings Mo Greens Please. Postage and packing from the USA starts off from a steep entry level of about $16 but the additional charge for one or two additional LPs is then miniscule. The seller also had a copy of this album which was going for a song, so I added that on the off chance that it would be good. It was (and that was made all the sweeter by subsequently seeing a copy in a West End record store priced at over ten times what I paid)!

Without further ado, here’s a track from YouTube courtesy of groove addict, One Track Mind, which opens the second side of the album

Freddie wrote his own sleeve notes for at least three of his albums including Brown Sugar and Mo Greens Please (although Blue Note regular Nat Hentoff penned those for the Good Move set). He says: “One Track Mind is dedicated to those who like to dance. It is geared for soulful shufflin’.” There’s great support from Buddy Terry on tenor sax and guitarist Vinnie Corrao. Although I hit a blank with Freddie Roach’s own biography, a brief internet search indicated that Buddy Terry was active and was still playing as one of the Newark Jazz Elders in 2009, while Vinnie Corrao is also still gigging. Jackie Mills, the drummer had a long and varied career before finally passing away in March 2010.

The most extraordinary track closes side 2. Entitled The Bees, In the words of Freddie Roach “…so named because of the resemblance to the flight of the hive. And The Bees buzzing off in their search for the sweet honey.” There’s a blistering R&B sax solo, although it gets a bit ragged towards its conclusion. Meanwhile, Tenderly is a great fast paced stretch-out for the whole band and a potential set closer that would demand an encore. It is a track that calls on soloists to get up and show what they can do and saxophonist Buddy Terry certainly did it here.

The Soul Book is well worth tracking down. If anyone out there knows anything more about Freddie Roach’s life and career, the floor is yours. There’s lots of space for comments.

The band etc:- Freddie Roach (Hammond organ); Edlin (Buddy) Terry (tenor sax); Vinnie Corrao (guitar); Jackie Mills (drums). Recorded 13 -28 June 1966. Rudy Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. Produced: Cal Lampley. Sleeve Notes: Freddie Roach. Cover photos: Ronnie Braithwaite. Cover Design: Don Schlitten. Issued as Prestige RE 7490.

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A good excuse to write about Don Wilkerson’s ‘Preach Brother’

The pre-ramble:-  “It’s a funny old world”, as the late comedian Malcolm Hardee used to say.  After a late night getting ready to push the publish button on this blog, a mercifully quiet day at work followed.  Being within easy striking distance of Central London I was in Soho in a trice for a quick spin round the record shops on Berwick Street.  My main reason for going there was to see the pop-up shop put together to display some amazing Clash memorabilia to celebrate the launch of a new greatest hits collection.  Seeing the band’s guitars was on a par with seeing John Coltrane’s main tenor sax or Miles Davis’s original mouthpiece- although I’m sure neither of them would have scratched their names into their instruments as Mick Jones had done with his one of his guitars- a good way to get it back if it is nicked I suppose.

The gig:-  This set me up nicely for a Friday night in a nearby music pub where Chris Holland was celebrating his birthday with a gig.  By strange coincidence, yesterday’s post mentioned Billy Taylor and ‘I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to be Free’ (perhaps best known to most as ‘that filmnight theme tune’)and this was the second tune that I caught tonight.  The rest of the set took us from Professor Longhair and Dr John in New Orleans to Memphis and Booker T and The MG’s via Ray Charles (more of whom in a moment).  The band featured Chris Holland on electric boogie woogie funkified piano, bass, lead guitar, sax and drums played by aristocrats of the South East London music scene with Seamus Duplicate on a pared down Hammond MX3 organ.

downwithit 'Chris Holland' 'The Pelton'

It was a solo from the Hammond that lit up the venue and touched the parts that move and groove.  Highpoint for me was the Rolling Stones ‘Shine a Light on Me’, originally featuring Billy Preston.  It made me think of the night several years ago when he was due to play at The Royal Festival Hall with the remaining members of The Funk Brothers (the band that played on most of the classic Motown Hits).  He was indisposed and in a tongue in cheek manner the MC introduced a young substitute who used to play with touring soul bands in the 60’s.  It was a certain Mr Steve Winwood!  I’ve made a mental note to turn up the volume a tad when I listen to a Hammond set as it is a very fine and much maligned instrument.

The recording:-  All of that leads me on to the record under consideration.  I was going for something lower key.  However, a night of maximum RnB was missing only one key element- jazz tambourine- which appears with aplomb on Don Wilkerson’s ‘Preach Brother’.  Don Wilkerson was the tenor sax soloist on Ray Charles classics including: I Got a Woman and This Little Girl of Mine.  He was encouraged by Ike Quebec to record the first of three Blue Note sessions, of which “Preach Brother!’ was second.

I’ve never heard a Blue Note track quite like the opener of Side 2: ‘Camp Meetin’.  A rolling piano accompanied by tambourine is joined by a vocalist, whose ‘Weeeeeeeeeell at that old camp meetin…’ leads us in to a gutsy RnB tenor solo and Grant Green’s finger picking good guitar (there will be much more about Grant Green in future posts).

There’s a YouTube link to “Camp Meetin’ posted by groove addict here:-

The closing track on Side 1 ‘Dem Tambourines’ is another stormer but probably not for those of immobile feet and a gentle jazz disposition- who may like Sonny Clark’s wonderful piano on Pigeon Peas.  The link to ‘Dem Tambourines’ posted on YouTube by retrospeko follows:-

The band etc:-  Don Wilkerson (tenor sax); Grant Green (guitar) Sonny Clark (piano); Butch Warren (bass) Billy Higgins (drums).  Recorded: 18 June 1962.  Rudy Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.  Sleeve Notes: Dudley Williams.  Cover photo: Reid Miles.  Issued as Blue Note 4107.

What a graphically strong cover, by the way!

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